Understanding The History Of The Uyghur People.
According to the recent statistics, it is estimated that there are over one hundred thousand different ethnic groups around the world. These groups are classified in accordance with their cultural heritage, history, homeland, and beliefs.
There are the majority ethnic groups that enjoy a huge number and popularity and there are the minority ethnic groups. There have been discoveries of new ethnic groups that were unknown and it is estimated that there are more out there.
Today, the Uyghur ethnic group is considered to be among the minority ethnic groups that exist. They originate from Turkey and currently can be found in East and Central Asia. Their residence is in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in China. China has recognized them as among the 55 minority ethnic groups.
The majority of these people can be found in China even though they can also be traced in other parts that are near Turkey. By 2010, it was estimated that Kazakhstan had over 200,000 Uyghur people. Other numbers can be found in the Uzbekistan at 55,000 and Kyrgyzstan with over 49,000. Though their origin is Turkey, their number here is only 45,000.
The Turkistan ethnic group is widely spread in other areas of the world even though it is small numbers. There was a time when these people were mainly called the Turks because of their language.
The Uyghurs were officially labeled to be the most ancient ethnic group by the 19th Century encyclopedia. Their origin dates back to the 2nd century. Their Uyghur name was lost in the 15th Century, but was later reintroduced. People use this name to address the entire group rather than a specific group.
Even though they are among the minority ethnic groups, they have the longest history than any other group. They have managed to keep their practice alive and they somehow resemble their ancestors’.
Their economic activities involve farming, black smith, and baking in this region. Other than that, there are some who carry out pastoralism as their main source of income.
Their primary languages are the Chinese language and Uyghur. They widely practice Islam and are the followers of the Sunni Sect. The Uyghur people also have ties with the Turkic people, the Karluks, and the Tocharians people.
The Uyghur are said to have spread once their kingdoms failed. They Moved to China and formed the Ganzhou kingdom. People believe that the current Uyghur people are descendants of this kingdom.
The Uyghur people have enjoyed years of freedom, progress, and have had a chance of practicing their beliefs without the interference of other people or groups.