Month: April 2017

Economic : Subprime Mortgage

economic

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Economic : Subprime Mortgage

Economic Articles. On this occasion we will discuss about the financial crisis in 2008 originally caused by Subprime Mortgage in the United States and spread to Europe and some countries that have trade, financial and investment relations with United States country.

Preliminary

The global financial crisis that caused the declining performance of the world economy
Drastically in 2008 and is expected to continue, even
Will increase in intensity in 2009. Slowing economic growth
For developing countries and emerging markets, this situation can damage the fundamentals of the economy, and trigger an economic crisis. Concerns over the negative impact of the global economic downturn on emerging market economies and the flight to quality phenomenon of global investors amid the current world financial crisis have put pressure on currencies around the world, including Indonesia and draining US dollar liquidity on the market Domestic many countries. This causes the forex market in developed and developing countries tends to fluctuate amid increasing uncertainty.

Impact

The most immediate negative impact is felt as a result of the economic crisis
Global is in the financial sector through aspects of psychological sentiment as well as the decline of global liquidity. Declined in the stock price in Indonesia Stock Exchange reached about 50 percent and the depreciation of the rupiah.

Throughout 2008, the rupiah has depreciated by 17.5 percent. The tendency of volatility in the rupiah will continue until 2009 with the ongoing efforts to reduce the debt (debt) of global financial institutions.

The various conditions mentioned above are expected to have a significant effect on slowing economic growth, providing employment opportunities, and reducing poverty. The downward trend in economic growth ranges from 4.0 to 5.0 per cent with the most optimistic estimation point at 4.7 per cent (lower than the initial estimate of 5.0 per cent) primarily due to (1) an investment slowdown estimated at 5.9 Percent, lower than the previous estimate of 7.5 percent, among others derived from foreign investment (PMA) and portfolio investment; And (2) export performance slowed from the previous estimate of 7.8 percent to 5.1 percent.

Subprime Mortgage

The last three months data showed exports to be stagnant or even negative (-3.0 percent). The decline in exports will be followed by a decline in production, so the rationalization of labor is difficult to avoid.

Increased in unemployment and the number of poor people soon be experienced by the national economy and global economic crisis. Currently, the phenomenon of termination of employment (PHK) has occurred in export-oriented industries. Followed by layoffs on textile products and paper, and plans to lay off workers in the timber and plantation industry.

In addition, the global recession will also result in layoffs on some of the Indonesian labor migrants abroad. This will not only put more pressure on the labor market in Indonesia, but will also reduce foreign exchange earnings.… Read the rest

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Economic : Comparison of Foreign Exchange Reserves

economic

Economic Trends

Economic Articles. The rapid growth of China’s economy can not be separated from the abundance of foreign exchange reserves possessed as capital that will continue to spur development in the country’s bamboo curtain. Here we discuss Comparison of Foreign Exchange Reserve of China, India, and Indonesia to know how much power each country’s capital which is now very high economic growth rate in Asia.

China continues to prove itself as the new economic giant in Asia by posting foreign exchange reserves of USD1, 9056 trillion at the end of September 2008. The Central Bank of China through the Internet network of the People’s Bank of China said the number increased by 32.9% from the previous year and 25% High from the foreign exchange reserves at the end of 2007.

However, the Central Bank of China said the growth from year to year (year on year / yoy) is still considered low compared to the first quarter which reached up to 40%. This is due to the global economic slowdown that occurred since a month ago.

Until now China is still ranked first with the largest foreign exchange reserves in the world. Based on data cited by Reuters, China is getting away from Japan which is in the order of-2. Indonesia’s foreign exchange reserves at the end of August 2008 was only USD58.356 billion.

Foreign Exchange

World foreign exchange reserves at the end of the second quarter rose to USD4.4 trillion, from just $ 1.5 trillion earlier in the decade. The US financial crisis (US) is predicted to strengthen China’s grip on the American economy.

This is because Beijing is likely to buy more US government securities by exploiting its increasingly ballooning foreign exchange reserves. China has secured US $ 1.3 trillion in US securities, or about 70% of their $ 1.8 trillion of foreign reserves.
This has sparked concern among US politicians that China’s enormous mastery will make the country a major threat to the United States. Nevertheless, experts say China has no choice but to continue to buy assets with dollar dominance.

Dollar dominance

This is done to prevent a reduction in the value of its assets, although they know the US is now at risk of falling into the worst economy since the great depression of the 1930s.
“They need liquid and safe assets, whereas such assets are not much in the rest of the world,” said former head of the China Division at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Eswar Prasad.

According to him, if China stops sending its money to the US, the US dollar will experience depreciation or deficit quickly. Then, with current current account deficits, no party is willing to finance the deficit so that the dollar will decline and erode the value of their asset capital.

During this time, he said, the US economy is managed through a large current account deficit and that could worsen economic conditions, as Washington’s plan to save Wall Street from the current economic turmoil.

Meanwhile, Merrill Lynch China managing director Liu Erhfei said China will be able to maintain a reasonable growth at or above 8%. According to him, China needs to ensure sustainable growth and keep inflation under control to reduce the impact of the global financial crisis.

Until now he admitted China has not experienced the turmoil as faced by developed economies. Liu added, China has a “simple task”, namely to tackle inflation, stabilize growth, and increase domestic demand.

Country with most foreign exchange

Foreign exchange reserves (foreign exchange reserves) are foreign currency deposits by central banks and monetary authorities. At this time China does have the most foreign exchange reserves. Japan, which is the most developed country in Asia, only has foreign exchange reserves of US $ 996.7 billion, followed by Russia (US $ 582.2 billion), India (US $ 295.3 billion), South Korea (US $ 243.3 billion ). China far surpassed the United States’ foreign exchange reserves (US $ 72.5 billion) and Britain (US $ 72.1 billion).… Read the rest

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